What is the difference between Xanax and Valium?


Xanax tablets, Valium tablets

Xanax(alprazolam)and Valium(diazepam) medications are used to treat anxiety and panic attacks.

While the difference is that Valium tablets are also used for the treatment of tremors, agitation, delirium, seizures, and hallucinations resulting from alcohol withdrawal. Although it is used to treat seizures, relief of muscle spasms in some neurological diseases and for sedation during surgery.

Similar side effects of Xanax and Valium tablets include drowsiness, fatigue and search problems.

Side effects of Xanax tablets which are different from Valium may include memory problems, constipation, and changes in weight.

Whereas, the side effects of Valium (diazepam) which are different from Xanax tablets include diarrhea, rash, euphoria, loss of balance, muscle spasms, lack of sleep, confusion and double vision.

Xanax and Valium tablets may interact with alcohol, medications that can make the person sleepy.

Xanax Alprazolam tablets may also interact with nefazodone whereas the Valium may interact with cimetidine, omeprazole, erythromycin, clarithromycin, fluoxetine, and darunavir.

When higher dosages are used over prolonged periods of time then Xanax and valium can lead to addiction(dependency).

What are Xanax and Valium medications?

Xanax and Valium are two types of anti-anxiety medications that are classified as benzodiazepines, a specific class of medications which are commonly used to help alleviate anxiety. Xanax is traded under the brand name Alprazolam, while Valium is traded under the brand name of Diazepam. They both act as minor tranquilizers.

Xanax and Valium act by enhancing the effects of GABA(gamma-aminobutyric acid) in the brain. While GABA is a neurotransmitter ( a chemical that nerve cells use to communicate with each other) that inhibits the activity in the brain. However, it is believe  that excessive activity in the brain may arise anxiety or other psychiatric disorders. So by helping to keep GABA at an adequate level, Xanax and Valium medications can help to alleviate the anxiety that would otherwise ensue.

What are the side effects of Valium and Xanax?

Xanax( Alprazolam)

At a lower dosage, the most common side effects of Xanax Alprazolam tablets are Drowsiness and Fatigue. However, their other side effects may include:

Memory problems
Constipation
Changes in weight
Speech problems
Addiction

More likely addiction occurs at high doses given over prolonged periods of time. Abrupt discontinuation of Xanax Alprazolam tablets can lead to withdrawal symptoms such as:

Insomnia
Vomiting
Nausea
Sweating
Anxiety
Fatigue
Headaches

Mostly seizures can occur in severe cases of withdrawal. Consequently, patients on Xanax for extended periods of time should slowly reduce their medication under the doctor’s supervision rather than to stopping suddenly.

Valium( Diazepam)

The most common side effects of Valium tablets include:

Drowsiness
Diarrhea
Fatigue
Rash
Euphoria
Loss of balance

Other important side effects of Diazepam valium tablets  include lack of sleep, confusion, paradoxical reactions with excitability, muscle spasm, speech problems, and double vision.

However, their possible side includes Depression, Neutropenia and respiratory depression.

What is the dosage of Xanax and Valium medications?

Xanax

For treating anxiety the starting dosage of Xanax is 0.25-0.5mg which should be consume 3 to 4 times daily. The dosage may be increase every 3 to 4 days up to the maximum dose of 4mg.

For treating panic attacks the starting dose of Xanax is 0.5mg consume 3 times daily. For some patients, the effective dose of Xanax may be as high as 10mg to prevent panic attacks. On an average, the dose for treating panic disorder for extended-release tablets is 0.5mg once daily and the average dose is 3 to 6 mg daily.

All the medications should be consume with or without food.

Valium

Valium(Diazepam) tablets should be consume with or without food. It is dispose  by the liver and excreted mainly by the Kidney.

The dosage of the Diazepam medication needs to be lower for the patients who are suffering from abnormal kidney function.

The usual dosage of Diazepam to treat anxiety or seizures is 2-10mg which can be given 2-4 times daily. The usual rectal dose of Diazepam is 0.2-0.5 mg/kg which depends on the age of the patient.

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